Scientific name

Avicennia marina


It grows only up to 2-3 meters in height in Japan, but in the tropics it grows over 20 meters high. Two intriguing characteristics of this mangrove are 1) bamboo shoot-like pneumatophore roots coming out on the ground and 2) excretion of excess salts from the glands on leaf surfaces.

It is widely distributed from Oceania to East Africa. In Japan, you can find this species in Islands of Iriomote, Ishigaki and Miyako in Okinawa Prefecture.

Useful for firewood and paper materials. Bee-keeping in A. marina forests is also popular overseas. Can be used as a substitute for soap. Leaves are fodder for goats and camels.
 

Root
Stem
Leaf
Flower
Fruit
pneumatophores (thin)
smooth
ellipticaal
blade shape
bean shape
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